Sea levels are rising at their fastest rate in 28 centuries

Source: Sea levels are rising at their fastest rate in 28 centuries

The global sea level rose approximately 14 centimeters (5.5 inches) in the 20th century, a greater fluctuation than in any century since 800 BC, according to a study published Monday in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Led by geobiologist Robert Kopp, the researchers who worked on the study gathered more than 1,300 geological sea level indicators from 24 locations around the globe. The team then used statistical analysis to reconstruct a history of global sea level fluctuation going back 27 centuries. (The data that exists predating 800 BC was not good enough to use in the analysis, according to Kopp, which is why the study looks at only the past 2,700 years.)

The global sea level varied by approximately eight centimeters (3 inches) over the course of the pre-industrial era, with a notable decline between the years 1000 and 1400 that coincided with approximately 0.2°C of global cooling, the researchers found. Extrapolating from the historical rate of fluctuation, the study purports that without global warming the sea level would likely have fluctuated between a loss of three centimeters and a seven centimeter rise over the course of the 20th century, rather than the 14 centimeter rise observed. Scientists agree that temperatures around the globe have jumped about 1°C since the late 19th century.

This study builds on The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change’s estimate of post-industrial sea level change, which placed an upper bound of 25 centimeters (9.8 inches) on 20th century sea level rise, and also provides a model for estimating sea level change going forward.

Extrapolating their findings, the researchers predict the sea level will rise between 24 and 131 centimeters (9.4 and 51.5 inches) by the end of the 21st century. This range is based on a set of projections released by The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change called Representative Concentration Pathways, which represent the different levels of greenhouse gas emissions that will be released into the atmosphere based on how much all countries reduce their emissions.

At the Paris Climate Talks in December 2015, member states of the United Nations agreed to hold the increase in the global average temperature to below 2°C, which corresponds to the level of emissions that would result in a sea level rise of 24 centimeters, according to the researchers’ predictions.

9 Powerful Ways To Build Confidence

Confidence is closely linked to mental toughness because it takes a strong mind to conquer fear, anxiety, and worry.

Source: 9 Powerful Ways To Build Confidence


Lack of confidence can rear its ugly head at any time. No one is immune because we are most vulnerable any time we’re out of our comfort zone or experience change in our life.

Confidence is closely linked to mental toughness because it takes a strong mind to conquer fear, anxiety, and worry.

Our brain is naturally wired to pay more attention to negative thinking because bad news has alerted us to danger for centuries. Our cave dweller ancestors went out each day to “get lunch” not “be lunch.”

But not everything that is new or different is a threat to our survival these days. The good news is that we can train ourselves to be more confident. Here are 9 ways:

1. Isolate Your Fear

In my case, I was afraid of making a fool of myself in front of my colleagues during the mock trial. I was afraid of what they might say and think if I screwed up.

Other common fears are: fear of how others perceive us, fear of being physically hurt, fear of commitment, or fear of failure.

It is important to dump the ego and get right down to the origin of your fear.

2. Take Action

If you hesitate and wring your hands, your fear will only grow.

I should have prepared better, worked harder to anticipate the way the defense attorney would parse my words, and trusted my own judgment.

3. Deposit Positive Memories in Your Memory Bank

We are bombarded with so much information that our brain stores information in a way that makes sense to it.

So, if you lack confidence, all your brain will remember about a specific event are those things that confirm you messed up.

If you hold a memory freighted with lack of confidence, go back and revisit it to make sure you are remembering correctly. Often, you will find out that others did not perceive or remember an event the same way.

At the end of each day, examine it. Remember all the positive and good things that you said, did, or accomplished that day. Reflect on all the positive victories and go to sleep with those memories on your mind.

4. Withdraw Only Positive Memories

It is easy for any negative thought, with enough encouragement and recall, to turn into a mental monster. The best way to defeat it is to ruthlessly nip it in the bud.

Find at least 3 things every day for which to be grateful. Write them down. Smile when you think of them.

Successful leaders move forward with confidence because they learn from their fears and failures, and then let them go.

5. Respect Yourself

If you don’t respect yourself, why should anyone else? I can’t think of any situation where a doormat is someone who is respected.

If you are not in a situation where you do not feel respect from others, change your situation; do not walk—run. The devil you don’t know is NOT worse than the devil you know.

Perhaps this means changing friends, jobs, or relationships—whatever it takes, place yourself in a position where you respect yourself and others reciprocate these positive feelings.

6. Sit In The Front Row

I always sat in the front row of every class I ever took. It takes confidence to sit in the front row and be noticed, but the more you do it, the easier it gets.

Start today and sit in the front row of every meeting, conference, or class you attend. Start getting comfortable with being noticed.

7. Make Eye Contact

Body language is important in building confidence. I immediately categorize people who do not look me in the eye as losers, whether they are or not. This means they have to work extra hard to convince me they are not.

Failure to make eye contact indicates either 1) they feel inferior to you and lack confidence, or 2) they are guilty of something.

This may be a great clue when interviewing suspects, but it’s not the message you want to be sending to your team members.

8. Walk Faster

I’ve had people come up to me out of a crowd and say they knew I was an FBI agent because of the way I walked—fast!

You know what, my time is important, and where I’m going is important—or I wouldn’t be going. Don’t be an average walker, or an average thinker. Moving with intention says, “I’m going to be successful.”

9. Speak Up

A sign of a true milquetoast is someone who doesn’t speak up. Instead, they feel their opinions don’t matter and that no wants to hear them.

Each time you clam up you are injecting more confidence-poison into your system. Your feeling of inferiority and inadequacy will just keep growing.

Bite the bullet and speak up! Practice what you are going to say ahead of time so it sounds good. Keep it short and pithy.

You will be amazed at how good it feels!

Time Sharing


Time is precious. The best thing you can give to anyone is your time. The time that is spent together never comes back, but the time shared can leave good or bad thoughts and energy in some one, which can be cherished for lifelong. ….

8 Signs You’re on the Golden Path to Success

Thousands of entrepreneurs sense shining success in their futures by encountering any of these eight tell-tale signs.

Source: 8 Signs You’re on the Golden Path to Success


1. You’re excited about your business.

Those who start businesses for the money or to please friends and family are likely to burn out — or fall flat. The concept behind your business should be exciting from the beginning of your entrepreneurial journey to the end (even though it’s often said there isn’t an end at all).

You know you’re excited about your company when you talk about it obsessively with friends, when you can’t wait to get to work in the morning, or even when you feel a familiar warmth in your chest when you accomplish a minor business-related task. If you’ve lost touch with the “fun” side of starting a business, sit down and write out the reasons you started the company in the first place. What were your goals from the very beginning? Have you achieved any since then — or are you close?

2. People are talking.

If your core idea is a good one (and it’s marketed well), people will talk about it. Check out the conversations circulating social media. If it doesn’t take hundreds of social media posts per week to get people commenting, sharing, tweeting and more, you’re doing pretty well.

Customers, clients and fans can discuss your brand silently as well by wearing T-shirts, boasting stickers and donning pins with your logo or catchphrase. People are eager to be the first to tell their friends about the “next big thing” — conversation surrounding your business may mean it’s just that.

3. Your net income makes your overhead costs look reasonable.

When you’re first starting out, it can be painful to shell out money for web domains, logo design, product prototypes and other start-up costs. Your wallet gradually becomes thinner, and you wonder more than once if that money will ever come back. It often takes 12 to 36 months for businesses to be quite profitable, but if you’re drawing in disposable income before or at that stage, you’re on the right track.  Keep careful records of your company’s finances. Once your loans and overhead costs seem a little less daunting, you’re doing just fine.

If you’re searching for ways to speed up the payback process on your business, remember that good branding goes a long way. My brother and business partner, Matthew, and I have pulled profits within only a few weeks after opening by leveraging well-designed business cards, media kits and websites.

If you’re preparing to sell an innovative new product, take a look at pre-selling through sites like Kickstarter and Indiegogo. Test the waters and deliver the best product through A/B split testing and surveys. Last but not least, always strive to keep costs low. Sites like Fiverr and Upworkhelp you find freelance work for less.

4. You’re willing and able to adapt to change.

Successful entrepreneurs understand that the world of business is fluid — and so are the fields in which their products are services are encapsulated. Any business, no matter how big or small, will have to change along with the times. Those who don’t are denying themselves an opportunity to impress their customers and achieve long-term greatness.

For instance, several occupational domains are facing a digital revolution, such as the publishing industry with self-publishing and ebooks, education with computer math and reading programs, art with graphic design and more. Large publishing houses that don’t put out ebooks alongside traditional books, as well as teachers who deny their students the right to use a computer or tablet for their work, are considered behind the times. It’s clear that you’re on the path to success when you’re capable of adapting to the changes around you.

Related: The 7 Traits of Successful Entrepreneurs

5. You welcome criticism.

No entrepreneur is capable of growing and enhancing their business if they can’t accept criticism for what it is — free advice. Feedback often comes in unpleasant forms, but many times it identifies areas of improvement. If you’re able to receive criticism and turn it into positive change, you’re that much ahead of business owners who can’t.  Develop a thick skin, and brush empty opinions off your back while absorbing the ones that offer valuable tips on how to polish your business.

6. You learn from your mistakes.

Successful people aren’t those who don’t make mistakes — they’re the ones who learn from them. Much like welcoming criticism, successful entrepreneurs are capable of learning from their mistakes, and much like criticism, mistakes are lessons in disguise. Instead of wallowing in the false sense of failure that often surrounds a mistake, attempt to learn from it: What could you have done better? What obstacles could have been avoided?

Remember that because you don’t have time to make every mistake, you can also learn from the mistakes of those around you — to learn by experience with no cost to your own business, network with your peers and discuss the things they wish they would have done differently. You’re already on the path to success if you consciously gain valuable lessons from your mistakes.

7. You’re capable of being grateful for what you have while still striving for more.

You’ll never be satisfied with your progress if you’re incapable of being grateful for what you already have. During the start-up process, ensure that you differentiate resources you already have from those you have to acquire. Perform brief check-ins with yourself or with your team every six months or so, paying close attention to the victories you’ve experienced that you worked so hard for.

Being thankful for what you have not only surrounds you and your company with positivity, but it will also keep things in perspective when you’re experiencing doubts about your abilities.

8. You don’t have regrets.

You likely jumped into the world of entrepreneurship knowing that it was one full of ups and downs. You’re more inclined to reap the rewards of success if you can acknowledge that even through the hardships starting a business has brought you, you don’t regret stepping foot into such a unique field of business. Those who are truly meant to be entrepreneurs love the hard work they put into their businesses no matter what results come from it — the passion and energy that go into starting a company are enough of a reason to push forward regardless of circumstance.

It’s more than just “knowing” — thousands of entrepreneurs sense shining success in their futures by encountering any of these eight tell-tale signs. When did you realize you’d be successful at what you do? What was the turning point of success for your business?

Modi unveils crop insurance scheme in MP

Source: Modi unveils crop insurance scheme in MP

Prime Minister Narendra Modi today formally unveiled the Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana at a huge farmers’ rally here.

The prime Minister described the exclusive crop insurance scheme for farmers that would protect them from recurring losses due to crop failure. The prime Minister especially chose this occasion to jab the political opponents on the issue of farmers’ welfare.

“The former Atal Behari Vajpayee government had launched a crop insurance scheme. After the Congress led United Progressive Alliance Government came to power many amendments were brought to this scheme and this led to compromising the interests of the farmers, the PM added.

The success of today’s rally is being seen as a feather in the cap of Chief Minister Shivraj Singh Chouhan who obviously is emboldened by ruling BJP’s victory in the Maihar Assembly by election earlier this week

Weapons Of Mass Distructions Were Used in Mahabharata

Weapons of mass destructions were used in Mahabharata, morden atomic bomb architect Oppenhemier’s belief that nukes were used in ancient India, excavation made in Mohanjo Dario also show high radioactivity and other signs which confirm it.

Source: Weapons Of Mass Distructions Were Used in Mahabharata

One Rank One Pension (OROP) implementation tables issued

The Government of India had taken the historic decision to implement OROP in November, 2015. This fulfilled the long standing demand of the Defence Forces personnel after 42 years and benefited over 18 lakh ex-servicemen and war widows.

In pursuance of the order issued on 07/11/2015, detailed instructions alongwith OROP Tables have been issued today.

• The annual recurring financial implication on account of implementation of OROP at the current rate will be approximately Rs. 7500 crore.

• The arrears from 01/07/2014 to 31/12/2015 would be approximately Rs. 10,900 crore.

• 86 percent of the total expenditure on account of OROP will benefit the JCOs/ORs.

• Payment of arrears and revision of pension under OROP is to be made by the Pension Disbursing Authorities in four installments, except for family pensioners and pensioners in receipt of gallantry awards who will be paid arrears in one installment.

• The total increase in the Defence Budget for pensions is estimated to go up from Rs. 54,000 crore (BE 2015-16) to around Rs. 65,000 crore (proposed BE 2016-17), thereby increasing the Defence Pension Outlay by about 20 percent.